The native Taino Amerindians – who inhabited the island of Hispaniola
when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 – were virtually
annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th
century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697,
Spain ceded to the French the western third of...
Island and McDonald Islands The United Kingdom transferred these
uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands to Australia in 1947.
Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have
been designated a nature preserve. Location – Map islands in the
Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica
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See (Vatican City) Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the
Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th
century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united
Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope’s holdings were further
circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed....
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Once part of Spain’s vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an
independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly
military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in
1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista
contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and...
Kong Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China
the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th
century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19
December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative
Region (SAR) of the...
Island Discovered by the US early in the 19th century, the uninhabited
atoll was officially claimed by the US in 1857. Both US and British
companies mined for guano deposits until about 1890. In 1935, a
short-lived attempt at colonization began on this island, similar to
the effort on nearby Baker Island, but...
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Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries
served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The
kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire,
which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist
rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and...