The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped
together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems
and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a
working political community after independence was achieved in 1962.
The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the
deaths of some...
Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus,
which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most
powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol
invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of
Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The
Arab Emirates The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the
UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century
treaties. In 1971, six of these states – Abu Dhabi, ‘Ajman, Al
Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn – merged to form the
United Arab Emirates (UAE). They...
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Kingdom The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in
developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and
science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire
stretched over one-fourth of the earth’s surface. The first half of the
20th century saw the UK’s strength seriously depleted in two world...
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States Britain’s American colonies broke with the mother country in
1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of
America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th
centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation
expanded across the North...
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Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold,
soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important
commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821,
Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its
freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of...
Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late
19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik
Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic
established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of “white gold” (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the