Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language,
migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European
exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for
the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day.
The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th
City (Holy See) Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the
Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th
century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united
Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope’s holdings were further
circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed....
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Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of
Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which
became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century,
Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who
promoted the oil industry and allowed for some...
The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by
1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared
independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its
1954 defeat by Communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva
Accords of 1954, Vietnam was...
Virgin Islands During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided
into two territorial units, one English and the other Danish.
Sugarcane, produced by slave labor, drove the islands’ economy during
the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917, the US purchased the Danish
portion, which had been in economic decline since the abolition...
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